Conflicting manouvers in the dark
Peace is a state of harmony characterized by the lack of conflict. Commonly understood as the absence of hostility, peace also suggests the existence of healthy or newly healed interpersonal or international relationships, prosperity in matters of social or economic welfare, the establishment of equality, and a working political order that serves the true interests of all. In international relations, peacetime is not only the absence of war or conflict, but also the presence of cultural and economic understanding and unity.There is also a sense of tolerance in international relations for the realization of true peace.
From the Anglo-Norman pas , and meaning “freedom from civil disorder”, the English word came into use in various personal greetings from c.1300 as a translation of the biblical terms pax (from the Vulgate) and Greek eirene, which in turn were renderings of the Hebrew shalom. Shalom, cognate with the Arabic “salaam”, has multiple meanings: safety, welfare, prosperity, security, fortune, friendliness. The personalized meaning is reflected in a nonviolent lifestyle, which also describes a relationship between any people characterized by respect, justice and goodwill.
This later understanding of peace can also pertain to an individual’s sense of himself or herself, as to be “at peace” with one’s own mind attested in Europe from c.1200. The early English term is also used in the sense of “quiet”, reflecting a calm, serene, and meditative approach to the family or group relationships that avoids quarreling and seeks tranquility — an absence of disturbance or agitation.
In many languages the word for peace is also used a greeting or a farewell, for example the Hawaiian word Aloha, as well as the Arabic word Salam . In English the word peace is used as a farewell, especially for the dead as in Rest In Peace
I guess someone has mixed up things again, as we are not talking about a sound, but a group of words that are totally different. Etymological roots have not been respected in explanation, as we can find at least three different groups of sounds.
PA group and SHA group, and EIRENE, from Greek, and the explanation given by Wikipedia, does not convince me at all. According to the meaning, some other word has been used in its place, introducing concepts that do not belong to this root, derived probably from one of the diversions that writers or programmers created.
Pax, Peace, Pas, are
Salam, Shalom, are SH SOUNDS
EIRENE, IS A I R N SOUND
Lets continue with Wikipedia’s explanation. Inner peace means:
Peace of mind, serenity, and calmness are descriptions of a disposition free from the effects of stress. In some cultures, inner peace is considered a state of consciousness or enlightenment that may be cultivated by various forms of training, such as prayer, meditation, tai-chi-quan (太极拳, tàijíquán) or yoga, for example. Many spiritual practices refer to this peace as an experience of knowing oneself. Finding inner peace is often associated with traditions such as Buddhism and Hinduism.
Satyagraha (Sanskrit: सत्याग्रह satyāgraha) is a philosophy and practice of nonviolent resistance developed by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (also known as “Mahatma” Gandhi) said to have been inspired by Henry D. Thoreau’s 1848 essay “Civil Disobedience”. Gandhi deployed satyagraha in campaigns for Indian independence and also during his earlier struggles in South Africa.
Again, a diverted concept, forces the meaning of satyagraha into something else, connected with non violent resistance and civil disobedience, that in 1848 transforms the meaning towards a “conflicting one”. This procedure is what a i call “Conflicting maneuvers in the dark”, that are a system of linguistic shifts that have been applied by “Dark ones”, to all languages, texts, translations, etc… in the past 5 thousand years, ( since the “tower of Babel” problem ).
When a word like Pacifism is explained by its opposition to another concept, like war or violence, this means that a dark maneuver has taken place, to the disadvantage of the concept, that has ultimately lost its roots, and significance, not being able to stand by itself, and kneeling on its opposite companion, has lost its strength.
As we need other words and concepts to explain the meaning of the word we don’t know, for each word that enters our vocabulary we will match it’s meaning with the mnemonic function associated. This does not happen by chance, because intellectual, social, psychological, vectors, as well as example, can be used to create or transform a meaning.
“Peace and conflict studies” is an academic field which identifies and analyses violent and nonviolent behaviors, as well as the structural mechanisms attending violent and non violent social conflicts. ( notice the work they have just done on this definition !!!! )
This is to better understand the processes leading to a more desirable human condition.
( Notice what they offer in exchange if you accept this dualism, and conflict as a natural behavior. )
One variation, Peace studies (irenology), is an interdisciplinary effort aiming at the prevention, de-escalation, and solution of conflicts. This contrasts with war studies (polemology), directed at the efficient attainment of victory in conflicts.
( unfortunately irenology as well as polemology are functional concepts to conflict ).
Disciplines involved may include political science, geography, economics, psychology, sociology, international relations, history, anthropology, religious studies, and gender studies, as well as a variety of others.
( Once a diverted concept enters a science, it will contaminate it forcing it’s functions into a dualistic vision )
Let’s find out something about the meaning given to these words in the past:
Pace, pax, pac, paz, pak, pag, means to tie, unify, pac a yami, pag ios, to weld. A deal between two sides. So what has conflict to do with union? Gathering. Deal? Thats it, nothing!
And let’s see how the peace sign originated. If it is an ancient one, we should have known it before!!! So what has all this got to do with 1958 and nuclear disarmament?
The peace sign
The first peace badge, 1958, made in ceramic for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament by Eric Austen from Gerald Holtom’s original design.
The internationally recognized symbol for peace was originally designed for the British nuclear disarmament movement by Gerald Holtom in 1958. Holtom, an artist and designer, made it for a march from Trafalgar Square, London to the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment at Aldermaston in England, organised by the Direct Action Committee to take place in April and supported by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND). Eric Austen (1922–1999) adapted Holtom’s designs to ceramic lapel badges.
Semaphore for “N”
The symbol is a combination of the semaphore signals for the letters “N” and “D,” standing for “nuclear disarmament”. In semaphore the letter “N” is formed by a person holding two flags in an upside-down “V,” and the letter “D” is formed by holding one flag pointed straight up and the other pointed straight down. Superimposing these two signs forms the shape of the centre of the peace symbol. The original drawing by Gerald Holtom of the CND symbol is housed in the Peace Museum in Bradford, England.
Semaphore for “D”
Holtom later wrote to Hugh Brock, editor of Peace News, explaining the genesis of his idea in greater depth: “I was in despair. Deep despair. I drew myself: the representative of an individual in despair, with hands palm outstretched outwards and downwards in the manner of Goya’s peasant before the firing squad. I formalised the drawing into a line and put a circle round it.” Ken Kolsbum, a correspondent of Holtom’s, says that the designer came to regret the symbolism of despair, as he felt that peace was something to be celebrated and wanted the symbol to be inverted. Eric Austen is said to have “discovered that the ‘gesture of despair’ motif had long been associated with ‘the death of man’, and the circle with ‘the unborn child’.”
The symbol became the badge of CND and wearing it became a sign of support for the campaign for unilateral nuclear disarmament by Britain. An account of CND’s early history described it as “a visual adhesive to bind the [Aldermaston] March and later the whole Campaign together … probably the most powerful, memorable and adaptable image ever designed for a secular cause.”
Not patented or restricted, the symbol spread beyond CND and was adopted by the wider anti-war movement. It became known in the United States in 1958 when Albert Bigelow, a pacifist protester, sailed a small boat fitted with the CND banner into the vicinity of a nuclear test. Buttons with the symbol were imported into the United States in 1960 by Philip Altbach, a freshman at the University of Chicago. Altbach had traveled to England to meet with British peace groups as a delegate from the Student Peace Union (SPU) and on his return he persuaded the SPU to adopt the symbol. Between 1960 and 1964 they sold thousands of the buttons on college campuses. By end of the decade it had become a generic peace sign, crossing national and cultural boundaries.
An article published in 1970 by the John Birch Society claimed that the peace symbol had Communist, anti-Christian, Satanist and Nazi associations. This claim has often been repeated since, for example by Christian evangelist Bob Larson in his 1989 book Satanism: The Seduction of America’s Youth.
In Unicode, the peace symbol is U+262E: ☮, and can thus be generated in HTML by typing ☮ or ☮. However, internet browsers may not have a typeface that can display it.
So what did we use before this date to express this kind of meaning in pictographs and ideograms ? We simply used symbols that have been erased, slowly, gradually and constantly, in such a way that the concepts themselves would not have the chance to change the meaning offered by the ruling ones . Peace signs from Runes, Ancient Chinese, Egyptian hieroglyphs, Proto Celtic, etc… give us examples that should make us think twice about what has been at work lately ( 5000 years ).
If we analyze the sound Pa, we will notice that it contains and explosions, “P” or “Pa” and the letter X, which is the pictograph for “fighting swards”, and I guess that this has much more to do with meaning of “conflict” rather than the one of “union”, which would be a rounded one, in any case, expressing equilibrium and connection, nexus and harmony. Find it!
”Peace”, considering sounds, is the cousin word of another word, “Piece”, which is a single unit of something ( this is a part of it, and has nothing to do with union ). ( We should not forget that language and sound shift force letters and sounds to migrate in different directions, as a liquid, according to geographical and time variables ). This is again another example of dark maneuver and attempt to use a cousin word to change the meaning of the one they disliked, or the mening of all the group of words they feared of.
A word mark of the three words, Hebrew word “Shalom” (Hebrew: שָׁלוֹם), together with the Arabic “Salaam” (Arabic: سلام) and the English word “peace” has been used as a peace symbol in the Middle East and other places such as the USA. Shalom and Salaam mean “peace” and are cognates of each other, derived from the Semitic triconsonantal of Ś-L-M, but if we add to the formula the diverted one, we shall produce a different result: ( HARMONY - DISHARMONY - HARMONY ), which gives ( + - + ) = to - .
Shalom (שָׁלוֹם) (Sephardic Hebrew/Israeli Hebrew: Shalom; Ashkenazi Hebrew/Yiddish: Sholem, Shoilem, Shulem) is a Hebrew word meaning peace, completeness, and welfare and can be used idiomatically to mean both hello and goodbye. As it does in English, it can refer to either peace between two entities (especially between man and God or between two countries), or to the well-being, welfare or safety of an individual or a group of individuals. The word is also found in many other expressions and names. Its equivalent cognate in Arabic is salaam, sliem in Maltese, Shlama (ܫܠܡܐ) in Syriac-Assyrian and sälam in Ethiopian Semitic languages from the Proto-Semitic root S-L-M.
In Hebrew, the root of the
word (usually in a three or occasionally four letter format), and
depending on the vowels that are used, has several meanings (that
are relevant to the general meaning of the word Shalom); as for
example: One meaning is “Whole”, another could be the actual verb
“Pay” usually in command form. The conjugated verb has other spins
that are worth noting, such as: “Hishtalem” meaning “it was worth
it” or “Shulam” as “it was paid for” or “Meshulam” as in “paid in
advance.” Hence one can jokingly say that, “when it’s paid-for then
there is peace,” as in PEACE HAS A PRICE.
The Hebrew term shalom is roughly translated to Romance languages as peace [En.] (i.e. paz [Sp. and Pr.], paix [Fr.], pace [It.]), from the Latin pax. Pax, in Latin, means peace, but it was also used to mean truce or treaty. So, deriving from the definition and use in Latin, most Romance terms simply use the word peace to mean such, and also provides a relational application (be it personal, social or political) – a state of mind and affairs. Peace is an important word in the Christian sacred scriptures and liturgy. Eirene, the Greek term translated to peace, also means quietness and rest. Yet, the importance and transcendence of peace in Christian doctrine and theology might be better understood from the meaning and use of shalom.
Shalom, in the liturgy and in the transcendent message of the Christian scriptures, means more than a state of mind, of being or of affairs. Derived from the Hebrew root shalam – meaning to be safe or complete, and by implication, to be friendly or to reciprocate. Shalom, as term and message, seems to encapsulate a reality and hope of wholeness for the individual, within societal relations, and for the whole world. To say joy and peace, meaning a state of affairs where there is no dispute or war, does not begin to describe the sense of the term. Completeness seems to be at the center of shalom as we will see in the meaning of the term itself, in some derivatives from its root, shalam, in some examples of its uses in Jewish and Christian Scriptures, and in some homophone terms from other Semitic languages.
The noun shalom means safe, for example, well and happy. On a more abstract application, its use points to welfare, for example, health, prosperity, and, peace. It is the verb form shalam, though, that provides a deeper understanding of this term in theology, doctrine, and liturgy. Literally translated, shalam signals to a state of safety, but figuratively it points to completeness. In its use in Scripture, shalom describes the actions that lead to a state of soundness, or better yet wholeness. So to say, shalom seems not to merely speak of a state of affairs, but describes a process, an activity, a movement towards fullness. Using the King James Version as reference, James Strong lists the rendering of shalom and shalam, among others, as:
To make amends
To make good
To be (or to make) peace
The use of shalom in the Scriptures always points towards that transcendent action of wholeness. Shalom is seen in reference to the wellbeing of others (Genesis 43.27, Exodus 4.18), to treaties (I Kings 5.12), and in prayer for the wellbeing of cities or nations (Psalm 122.6, Jeremiah 29.7). Coincidentally, the root shalem, found in Jerusalem, means peaceful (yara to mean to lay or found). Yet, its transcendence lies in its relationship to truth and justice (Psalm 85.10, Isaiah 48.18, 22, 57.19-21). The wholeness of shalom, through justice and truth, inspires the words of hope for the work expected by the messiah, and to refer to its revelation as the time of peace (Haggai 2.7-9, Isaiah 2.2-4, 11.1-9), and to even grant this anointed one the title Prince of Peace (Isaiah 9.6, Micah 5.4-5a).
In the Christian Scriptures, the term eirene is employed to mean peace, but in its application, seeking for it the transcendence of its Hebrew counterpart, peace is better understood in relation to terms like grace (Romans 1.7), righteousness (Romans 14.17), and life (Romans 8.6). It is also employed in benedictions, like that in I Thessalonians 5.23 and Hebrews 13.20-21, perhaps making echo to prayers of peace common throughout the Hebrew Scriptures and Jewish benedictions (Numbers 6.22-27).
This sense of completeness, central to the term shalom could also be confirmed in homophonic terms found in other Semitic languages. The term shelam, of Chaldean origin, seems to mean both peace and restoration. Aramaic derivations of the terms shalom and shalam are said to mean peace, safety, completeness and welfare. The Assyrian term salamu means to be complete, unharmed, paid/atoned. Sulmu, another Assyrian term, means welfare. A closer relation to the idea of shalom as concept and action is seen in the Arabic root salaam. Meaning to be safe, secure, and forgiven, among other things. It also proposes a personal commitment to the concept, action, and transcendence of peace – Salaam is also the root for the terms Muslim and Islam, literally translated, he/she who submits to God and submission to God, respectively.
About safe and sound, state of soundness
Health (soundness) means
It is the second word, of course, that is of significance here. The ancient origin of this word sound is obscure, but it can be traced to the 12th century Old English word gesund and its West Germanic precursor gasundaz. Modern relatives include German gesund and gesundheit (Dutch gezond and gezondheid), healthy and health. The inherent relationship between soundness and health is also found in Latin (Table 4). Three Latin roots stemming from the prehistoric [sol-] (whole) give rise to Latin words that become the English solid, safe, save, salutary and salubrious. The Greek word holos (from which we get holo- and catholic) is derived from the suffixed form [sol-wo] of same prehistoric root.
Health is thus related to soundness or wholeness, but much of our language about health care seems quite the opposite. Many health-related words have a positive, wholesome base with a prefix that negates it. disease, for example, has the base of ease (comfort) and the prefix dis- meaning not or apart. Still other words, such as malady and illness, have a root that means bad or evil. In either case, these words presuppose a state of soundness that subsequently has been injured, damaged or otherwise corrupted.
describes a low-entropy state, one of perfect (or near perfect)
structural order in which the processes of self-organization and
self-maintenance are unimpeded. The words from the previous two
tables describe the many ways in which this ordered state (of low
entropy) may be disturbed, leading to a state of higher entropy.
Strictly speaking, such happenings are irreversible, and soundness, once lost, cannot be completely recovered. (All the king’s horses and all the king’s men couldn’t put Humpty together again.) On the other hand, it is not perfect soundness that must be restored. An organism, by virtue of being self-organizing and self-maintaining, has the capacity to recover much, if not all, of the low-entropy state through the dissipation of energy from other low-entropy sources. Reverse means to turn again; restore means to build again. For any given injury or disease process, what the organism requires is sufficient support from environment for these self-repair processes to function properly. Once these functions are irreversibly lost, permanent disability or death is inevitable.
Unity, purity, perfection,
completeness, prosperity, quietness.
There is no way we could reach these states through “PAX”, because this would mean adding to the sequence, an interruption, and subsequent conflict between the two, three, four, thousand parts that have been created.
“Divide et impera” function is there to help us understand what strategy has to do with the meaning of the word Peace.
In politics and sociology,
divide and rule (derived from Latin: divide et impera) (also known
as divide and conquer) is a combination of political, military and
economic strategy of gaining and maintaining power by breaking up
larger concentrations of power into chunks that individually have
less power than the one implementing the strategy. The concept
refers to a strategy that breaks up existing power structures and
prevents smaller power groups from linking up.
The maxims divide et impera and divide ut regnes were utilised by the Roman ruler Caesar and the French emperor Napoleon. There is the example of Gabinius parting the Jewish nation into five conventions, reported by Flavius Josephus in Book I, 169-170 of The Wars of the Jews (De bello Judaico).  Strabo also reports in Geography, 8.7.3  that the Achaean League was gradually dissolved under the Roman possession of the whole of Macedonia, owing to them not dealing with the several states in the same way, but wishing to preserve some and to destroy others.
In modern times, Traiano Boccalini cites “divide et impera” in La bilancia politica, 1,136 and 2,225 as a common principle in politics. The use of this technique is meant to empower the sovereign to control subjects, populations, or factions of different interests, who collectively might be able to oppose his rule. Machiavelli identifies a similar application to military strategy, advising in Book VI of The Art of War  (Dell’arte della guerra ), that a Captain should endeavor with every art to divide the forces of the enemy, either by making him suspicious of his men in whom he trusted, or by giving him cause that he has to separate his forces, and, because of this, become weaker.
The strategy of division and rule has been attributed to sovereigns ranging from Louis XI to the Habsburgs. Edward Coke denounces it in Chapter I of the Fourth Part of the Institutes, reporting that when it was demanded by the Lords and Commons what might be a principal motive for them to have good success in Parliament, it was answered: “Eritis insuperabiles, si fueritis inseparabiles. Explosum est illud diverbium: Divide, & impera, cum radix & vertex imperii in obedientium consensus rata sunt.” [You would be insuperable if you were inseparable. This proverb, Divide and rule, has been rejected, since the root and the summit of authority are confirmed by the consent of the subjects.] On the other hand, in a minor variation, Sir Francis Bacon wrote the phrase “separa et impera” in a letter to James I of 15 February 1615. James Madison made this recommendation in a letter to Thomas Jefferson of 24 October 1787, which summarized the thesis of The Federalist #10 : “Divide et impera, the reprobated axiom of tyranny, is under certain qualifications, the only policy, by which a republic can be administered on just principles.” In Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch by Immanuel Kant (1795), Appendix one, Divide et impera is the third of three political maxims, the others being Fac et excusa and Si fecisti, nega. 
Elements of this technique involve:
creating or encouraging divisions among the subjects in order to prevent alliances that could challenge the sovereign aiding and promoting those who are willing to cooperate with the sovereign fostering distrust and enmity between local rulers encouraging meaningless expenditures that reduce the capability for political and military spending
Historically this strategy was used in many different ways by empires seeking to expand their territories.
The concept is also mentioned as a strategy for market action in economics to get the most out of the players in a competitive market.
examples of divide et impera:
The divide and conquer strategy was used by foreign countries in Africa during the colonial and post-colonial period.
Germany and Belgium ruled Rwanda and Burundi in a colonial capacity. Germany used the strategy of divide and conquer by placing members of the Tutsi minority in positions of power. When Belgium took over colonial rule in 1916, the Tutsi and Hutu groups were rearranged according to race instead of occupation. Belgium defined “Tutsi” as anyone with more than ten cows or a long nose, while “Hutu” meant someone with less than ten cows and a broad nose. The socioeconomic divide between Tutsis and Hutus continued after independence and was a major factor in the Rwandan Genocide.
The British rule of Sudan restricted access between the north and south regions of the country. The British did not place much emphasis on the development and governance of Southern Sudan. This disparity between north and south regions of Sudan led to the First and Second Sudanese Civil Wars. See also History of the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium.
During British rule of
Nigeria from 1900 to 1960, different regions were frequently
reclassified for administrative purposes. The conflict between the
Igbo and Hausa made it easier for the British to consolidate their
power in the region. Regional, ethnic, and
religious splits remain a barrier to uniting Nigeria.
Cyprus was placed under British control on 4 June 1878 as a result of the Cyprus Convention, which granted control of the island to Britain in return for British support of the Ottoman Empire in the Russian-Turkish War.
Famagusta harbour was completed in June 1906. Construction of this harbour consolidated the island as a strategic naval outpost for the British Empire, which enabled it to have influence over the Eastern Mediterranean and Suez Canal, the crucial main route to India.
The British Empire employed the divide and rule strategy with the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority living on the island to separate them and discourage intermingling.
Cyprus Independence was attained in 1960 after negotiations between the United Kingdom, Greece and Turkey. Greece and Turkey are considered to be the cultural ‘motherlands’ for both communities living on Cyprus. The UK ceded the island under a constitution allocating government posts and public offices by ethnic quota and retained two Sovereign Base Areas. There is still an ongoing dispute on Cyprus.
The first large-scale application of this rule was in Macedonia. Romans entered Macedonia from the south and helped by Latin, Italian and Greek allies, they defeated King Perseus of Macedon in the battle of Pydna in 168 BC. Macedonia was then divided into four republics that were heavily restricted from intercourse or trade with one another and with Greece. There was a ruthless purge, with allegedly anti-Roman citizens being denounced by their compatriots and deported in large numbers.
Following the October revolution, the Bolsheviks engaged at various times in alliances with the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries, certain anarchists, and various non-Russian ethnic nationalist groups, against the White movement, Right Socialist-Revolutionaries, and other anarchist and ethnic nationalist groups. This was done to establish the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (the Bolshevik party) as the sole legal party in the Soviet Union. Similar shifting alliances were played out amongst various dissident factions within the CPSU, such as the Workers Opposition and Left Communists, with Joseph Stalin and his supporters gaining absolute power within the party by the mid-1920s.
The Salami strategy of Hungarian Communist leader, Mátyás Rákosi.
Alliances with various parties played a role in the Nazi Machtergreifung and Gleichschaltung, the seizure and consolidation of total power by the National Socialist German Workers Party. The Enabling Act, which banned the Communist and Social Democratic parties, was supported by the Nazi’s coalition partner, the German National People’s Party, as well as by the Centre Party. Several months later, all political parties in Germany were banned except for the NSDAP.
India This section requires expansion.
The British employed “Divide and Rule” in British India as a means of preventing an uprising against the Raj. The partition of India is often attributed to these policies.
In his historical survey Constantine’s Sword, James P. Carroll writes,
Typically, imperial powers depend on the inability of oppressed local populations to muster a unified resistance, and the most successful occupiers are skilled at exploiting the differences among the occupied. Certainly that was the story of the British Empire’s success, and its legacy of nurtured local hatreds can be seen wherever the Union Flag flew, from Muslim-Hindu hatred in Pakistan and India, to Catholic-Protestant hatred in Ireland, to, yes, Jew-Arab, hatred in modern Israel. Ancient Rome was as good at encouraging internecine resentments among the occupied as Britain ever was.
All these facts do not happen by chance, but depend upon a strategic behavior.
A strategy that follows an intention, is simply functional to the powers that are applying rules and ordering or orienting their hierarchies to make someone do or behave as they wish or suggest. Conquered nations, as well as entire populations, people, groups, workers, social classes, etc… etc… become a part of it since these mechanisms enter society and force it into a system that doe not accept or tolerate any different behavior.
We shall need to go back to the ancient meaning and word, if we want to avoid the mistakes that have been produced by totalitarian systems.
Inner harmony and outer peace and prosperity, are situated at different levels. The kind of peace that is built on “PA” fight, and conflict “X”, has shown its limit all over the world. To force, it is not to share. Welfare is a concept that no one would try to suppress if he was sane, unless there existed interests in creating sufferance, and then, act as if he was trying to help to solve this problem.
Nexus makes the difference. Strategies introduce differences and fight among minorities. I hope you realize that every time you are thinking in a negative way about someone or something, you have been transformed in a watch dog, since conflicting mentalities often find their origin within ignorance and prejudice.
Ignorance and “ne science” are the gaps that separate knowledge from idiocy. Awareness is a relative understanding of what is happening around us, and consciousness, about what is happening inside us. Once there is no separation, and we start to behave and understand things in a karmic way, conflict is over.
Be wise. There is always someone shouting that it is “its fault, their fault”, and claiming “they should do this or that”. Do you really need to find an enemy to feel that you exist within a group? Conflicting and negative minds are made of this.
Be Harmony. Equilibrate and tolerate. Learn and teach. Share and practice.
Read what Romans said: Ovid,
Fasti 1. 709 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. to C1st
“January 30 Nefastus Publicus. Lean-spun song has led me to the Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace). The day will be second from the month’s end. Ring your coiffured hair with Actium’s laurels, Pax (Peace); be present, and gentle the whole world. Let there be no enemies, no cause for triumph; you’ll give our leaders more glory than war. Let the soldier bear arms only to smother arms, and fierce trumpets blast nothing but pomp. Let the world near and far dread Aeneas’ people, and any land unafraid of Rome love her. Add your incense, priests, to the flames of Peace, let a white victim tumble with drenched brow. That the house which procures peace possess it always, ask gods propitious to pious prayers.”
ps. The Greek concept EIRENE has been totally erased, but fortunately Sanskrit and Irish know something about it. Ireland’s name was hÉireann, and a couple of other places share the same sounds: Iran and Arian, know about it. “Ar” “Har” “Heir”, belongs to the group of concepts that “bind” together two parts, as in the word “chariot”, and other words that mean ie, “to assemble skilfully”. This is the third issue we were looking for, and it implicates the ability to understand and run, unite or master, some place, nation, empire or whatsoever. So, a part from the goddess name, “Eirene”, we will find this sound in the words “ars”, “art”, and the Greek “armozein”, which means “to connect, unite, link,” where “aro” stands for “adapt”, and “arthmos”, like arithmetic, that is the science we use to calculate.